Molecular Mechanisms of Carbapenem Resistance in Enterobacter cloacae Clinical Isolates from Korea and Clinical Outcome

Title
Molecular Mechanisms of Carbapenem Resistance in Enterobacter cloacae Clinical Isolates from Korea and Clinical Outcome
Author
이양순
Keywords
METALLO-BETA-LACTAMASE; KLEBSIELLA-PNEUMONIAE; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; PORIN; PLASMID; GENE; SUSCEPTIBILITY; EXPRESSION; EMERGENCE; ERTAPENEM
Issue Date
2012-09
Publisher
ASSOC Clinical Scientists
Citation
Clinical and Laboratory Science. Annals, 2012, 42(3), P.281-286
Abstract
We investigated the molecular mechanisms of carbapenem resistance in clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae and their clinical characteristics. Nonreplicable E cloacae isolates were recovered from six cancer patients and one patient with liver cirrhosis at a tertiary-care hospital in Korea between 2002 and 2009. Two patients who were considered to have a true infection caused by these microorganisms have died. All isolates produced AmpC beta-lactamases, including ACT-1, ACT-2, MIR-3 and DHA-1, and CTX-M- or SHV-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamase. Two isolates produced plasmid-borne VIM-2 carbapenemase. All probes specific for bla(AmpC) genes hybridized with 1-CeuI chromosomal fragments were also recognized by a probe specific for 16S rDNA, suggesting a chromosomal location. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that a major outer membrane protein, OmpF, was absent in all isolates. PFGE of XbaI-digested DNA were considered to be unrelated. The results of our study suggest that the chromosomal AmpC beta-lactamase with impermeability in E. cloacae clinical isolates implicated in reduced carbapenem susceptibility. Although carbapenem-resistant E. cloacae isolates were isolated in a few patients in our study, the clinical outcomes were grave. Therefore, the patients colonized or infected by carbapenem-resistant E. cloacae isolates should gain attention of antibiotic therapy.
URI
http://www.annclinlabsci.org/content/42/3/281.full
ISSN
2296-4616; 0091-7370; 1550-8080
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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