Emergence of Clostridium difficile Ribotype 027 in Korea

Title
Emergence of Clostridium difficile Ribotype 027 in Korea
Author
이양순
Keywords
Clostridium difficile; PCR-ribotype 027; Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis; Multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis
Issue Date
2011-07
Publisher
Korean SOC Laboratory Medicine
Citation
Annals of Laboratory Medicine, 2011, 31(3), P.191-196
Abstract
Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has markedly risen and is associated with hypervirulent ribotype 027 outbreaks in North America and Europe since 2003. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of ribotype 027 among C. difficile isolates in Korea, to characterize the ribotype 027 isolates, and to determine the clinical severity of CDI in patients infected with these isolates. Methods: A total of 1,251 isolates of C. difficile recovered from stool specimens of suspected CDI patients at two tertiary-care hospitals and one commercial laboratory between 2002 and 2009. Genes for toxin A (tcdA), toxin B (tcdB), and binary toxin (cdtA and cdtB) were detected by PCR. Mutation in the tcdC gene was detected by sequencing after PCR amplification. For molecular genotyping, we performed PCR-ribotyping, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA). Minimum inhibitory concentrations of moxifloxacin were determined using Etest strips (AB bioMerieux, Sweden). Results: We identified 7 isolates as ribotype 027. These isolates had the same tcdC mutation as the epidemic strain, and 6 of them were resistant to moxifloxacin. The isolates were categorized into 3 different PFGE types and 7 different MLVA types. All the 7 cases had occurred sporadically. Conclusions: C. difficile ribotype 027 is uncommon, but it has emerged in Korea. The spread of this ribotype should be closely monitored in order to avoid an outbreak of CDI in Korea.
URI
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3343/kjlm.2011.31.3.191
ISSN
1598-6535
DOI
10.3343/kjlm.2011.31.3.191
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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