패자 아이즈의 적군 전사자 제사와 그 정치적 맥락들
- 패자 아이즈의 적군 전사자 제사와 그 정치적 맥락들
- Other Titles
- Why Did Aizu People Hold War Dead Rituals for Enemy?
- 국민통합; 천황; 야스쿠니 신사; 무사도; National Integration; the Emperor; Yasukuni Shrine; Bushido
- Issue Date
- 사림, NO 57, Page. 365-395
- This paper analyze the political context of the war dead rituals for enemy, held by Aizu, the loser of the Boshin war in 1917, 1937 and 1957.
The war dead rituals for enemy, held during the period from 1917 to 1957, were inseparable with historical recognition of the Aizu people on the Boshin war. Historical recognition, considering the overthrow of the shogunate and the support of the shogunate is compatible, paved the way that all the war dead, killed in the Boshin war can be positioned as patriot.
This structure on the rituals functioned as basso ostinato since 1917. But, the core of this structure changed before and after the 1945. In the ritual of 1917 and 1937, the Emperor accounted for absolute position. However, the Emperor, as a word of modern Japan could not get over the wall of 1945. Instead, the catchphrase of homeland reconstruction and ethnic prosperity became embossing.
On the other hand, the Bushido discourse of Aizu people was defined as another foundation that supports the war dead ritual for enemy. Byakkotai regained their original face, namely teenage boy soldier who gave their allegiance to the Aizu lord since 1945. As a result, the modern scheme of ˂Byakkotai = Bushido = Aizu spirit˃ was passible in the ritual of 1957.
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