Effect of Residual Lithium Compounds on Layer Ni-Rich Li[Ni0.7Mn0.3]O-2

Title
Effect of Residual Lithium Compounds on Layer Ni-Rich Li[Ni0.7Mn0.3]O-2
Author
선양국
Issue Date
2014-06
Publisher
ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, 65 SOUTH MAIN STREET, PENNINGTON, NJ 08534 USA
Citation
JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, 권: 161 호: 6, p A920-A926
Abstract
In order to confirm reasons that deteriorate cathode performances, Ni-rich Li[Ni0.7Mn0.3]O-2 is modified by lithium isopropoxide to artificially provide lithium excess environment by forming Li2O on the surface of active materials. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the lithium oxide coating does not affect structural change comparing to the bare material. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy data show the presence of coating layers on the surface of Li[Ni0.7Mn0.3]O-2. Electrochemical tests demonstrate that the Li2O-coated Li[Ni0.7Mn0.3]O-2 exhibits a greater irreversible capacity with a small capacity because of the presence of insulating layers composed of lithium compounds on the active materials since these layers delay facile Li+ diffusion. Also, the Li2O layer forms byproducts such as Li2CO3, LiOH, and LiF, as are proved by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The presence of residual lithium tends to bond with hydrocarbons induced from decomposition of electrolytic salt during electrochemical reactions. And the reaction, accelerated by the decomposition of electrolytic salt that produces the byproducts, causes the formation of passive layers on the surface of active material. As a result, the new layers consequently impede diffusion of lithium ions that deteriorate electrochemical properties. (C) 2014 The Electrochemical Society.
URI
http://jes.ecsdl.org/content/161/6/A920.shorthttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/69913
ISSN
0013-4651; 1945-7111
DOI
10.1149/2.042406jes
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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