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Effects of elevated CO2 concentrations on the production and biodegradability of organic matter: An in-situ mesocosm experiment

Title
Effects of elevated CO2 concentrations on the production and biodegradability of organic matter: An in-situ mesocosm experiment
Author
신경훈
Keywords
Ocean acidification; Mesocosms; Coastal sea; Biodegradation
Issue Date
2016-05
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
MARINE CHEMISTRY, v. 183, Page. 33-40
Abstract
The increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration is responsible for progressive ocean acidification and has potential widespread effects on organic matter production and degradation. In order to understand the effect of elevated CO2 concentrations on organic matter dynamics, we conducted an in-situ mesocosm study in the mid-latitude coastal seas. Changes in the concentration and characteristics of organic matter, including particulate and dissolved fractions, as well as extracellular enzymatic hydrolysis of polysaccharides, were determined at six pCO(2) levels ranging from 260 to 1040 ppmv over 19 days. The phytoplankton bloom and accumulation of dissolved organic carbon were observed in all pCO(2) treatments. In the present study, although the elevated pCO(2) positively influenced the quantity of organic matter, it did not affect its fluorescence characteristics and biodegradability. The highest hydrolysis potentials for polysaccharide degradation were recorded under highly acidified conditions (890 and 1040 ppmv). Our findings suggest that elevated CO2 concentrations could stimulate organic matter production and degradation, which in turn could lead to increased rates of organic carbon cycling. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304420316300421http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/53668
ISSN
0304-4203; 0304-4203
DOI
10.1016/j.marchem.2016.05.004
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY[E](과학기술융합대학) > MARINE SCIENCE AND CONVERGENCE ENGINEERING(해양융합공학과) > Articles
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