Prevalence and symptomatic correlates of interpersonal trauma in South Korean outpatients with major depressive disorder

Title
Prevalence and symptomatic correlates of interpersonal trauma in South Korean outpatients with major depressive disorder
Author
김대호
Keywords
POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER; LIFE EVENTS CHECKLIST; CHILDHOOD TRAUMA; SEXUAL ABUSE; PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES; WOMEN; HISTORY; PSYCHOTHERAPY; COMORBIDITY; SEVERITY
Issue Date
2016-04
Publisher
W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC
Citation
COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY, v. 66, Page. 46-52
Abstract
Background: There is growing evidence that exposure to severe interpersonal trauma (IPT) has a pivotal role in the development and manifestation of depression. However, it is not clearly understood whether patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have specifically increased prevalence of IPT than other non-interpersonal traumatic events and whether those with IPT have unique symptom profile within depressed groups. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of past traumatic events and symptomatic features of treatment-seeking outpatients with MDD. Methods: A consecutive sample of 111 South Korean outpatients with MDD was recruited on their first visit to a psychiatric department of a university-affiliated hospital. Participants completed the Life Events Checklist (LEC), the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Dissociative Experience Scale (DES) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). The prevalence of past traumatic events on LEC was compared to medical outpatients. Results: Compared to medical outpatients, MDD patients had significantly higher rates of IPT (physical and sexual) but not other traumatic events of non-interpersonal origin such as accidents or disaster. Compared to MDD patients without IPT (n = 44, 40%), those with IPT (n = 67, 60%) had higher subscale scores on hostility in SCL-90-R, as well as greater depressive and post-traumatic symptoms. However, multivariate analysis revealed that the best model to discriminate those with IPT was interaction of depressive and posttraumatic symptoms. Limitations: Limitations include sample characteristics (treatment-seeking outpatients) and possible effects of comorbid conditions, which were not investigated. Conclusions: Clinicians managing individuals with depressive disorder need to include the assessment of lifetime IPT and its impact on presenting symptoms. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010440X15300171?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/50756
ISSN
0010-440X; 1532-8384
DOI
10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.12.006
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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