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Characterization of microalgal species isolated from fresh water bodies as a potential source for biodiesel production

Title
Characterization of microalgal species isolated from fresh water bodies as a potential source for biodiesel production
Author
전병훈
Keywords
Microalgae; Fresh water; Biodiesel; rRNA; Fatty acids
Issue Date
2011-02
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Citation
Applied Energy, 2011, 88(10), P.3300-3306
Abstract
Due to increasing oil prices and climate change concerns. biodiesel has gained attention as an alternative energy source. Biodiesel derived from microalgae is a potentially renewable and carbon-neutral alternative to petroleum fuels. One of the most important decisions in obtaining oil from microalgae is the choice of algal species to use. Eight microalgae front a total of 33 isolated cultures were selected based on their morphology and ease of cultivation. Five cultures were isolated from river and identified as strains of Scenedesmus obliquus YSR01, Nitzschia cf. pusilla YSR02, Chlorella ellipsoidea YSR03, S. obliquus YSR04, and S. obliquus YSR05, and three were isolated from wastewater and identified as S. obliquus YSW06, Micractinium pusillum YSW07, and Ourococcus multisporus YSW08, based on LSU rDNA (D1-D2) and ITS sequence analyses. S. obliquus YSR01 reached a growth rate of 1.68 +/- 0.28 day(-1) at 680(nm) and a biomass concentration of 1.57 +/- 0.67 g dwt L(-1) with a high lipid content of 58 +/- 1.5%. Under similar environmental conditions, M. pusillum reached a growth rate of 2.3 +/- 0.55 day (1) and a biomass concentration of 2.28 +/- 0.16 g dwt L(-1), with a relatively low lipid content of 24 +/- 0.5% w/w. The fatty acid compositions of the studied species were mainly myristic. palmitic, palmitoleic, oleic, linoleic, g-linolenic, and linolenic acids. Our results suggest that S. obliquus YSR01 can be a possible candidate species for producing oils for biodiesel. based on its high lipid and oleic acid contents. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030626191100078X?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/45862
ISSN
0306-2619
DOI
10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.01.060
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > EARTH RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(자원환경공학과) > Articles
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