Electrochemical behavior and passivation of current collectors in lithium-ion batteries

Title
Electrochemical behavior and passivation of current collectors in lithium-ion batteries
Author
선양국
Keywords
ALKYL CARBONATE SOLUTION; AL CURRENT COLLECTOR; ALUMINUM CURRENT COLLECTORS; CATHODE CURRENT COLLECTOR; POSITIVE ELECTRODE; ANODIC BEHAVIOR; PROPYLENE CARBONATE; LIQUID ELECTROLYTES; CORROSION; SALT
Issue Date
2011-07
Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation
Journal of materials chemistry,Vol.21 No.27 [2011],9891-9911
Abstract
This paper examines several metals that are commonly employed as current collectors of positive and negative electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries. Current collectors must be electrochemically stable when in contact with the cell component during the potential operation window of an electrode. Various electrochemical techniques have been used to investigate the corrosion of current collector materials. In practice, continued corrosion of current collectors leads to a gradual increase in the internal resistance of cells, which causes the capacity to fade gradually. Corrosion of the current collector may induce a short-circuit, affecting its safety. Thus, the formation of thick and compact, protective passive film on the metal surface is highly important so as to ensure battery performance and safety. Depending on the salts and additives, different types of protective films are formed. The solubility of these surface layers in the electrolyte is a determining factor in the overall stability of the current collector. In this review, we introduce the electrochemical behavior and protective film formation processes of various metallic current collectors in representative electrolytes.
URI
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2011/JM/c0jm04353b#!divAbstract
ISSN
0959-9428; 1364-5501
DOI
10.1039/c0jm04353b
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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