The role of magnetite nanoparticles in the reduction of nitrate in groundwater by zero-valent iron

Title
The role of magnetite nanoparticles in the reduction of nitrate in groundwater by zero-valent iron
Author
전병훈
Keywords
Zero-valent iron; Fe(0); Magnetite nanoparticles; Nitrate; Cations; Groundwater
Issue Date
2015-04
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
CHEMOSPHERE, v. 125, Page. 41-49
Abstract
Magnetite nanoparticles were used as an additive material in a zero-valent iron (Fe(0)) reaction to reduce nitrate in groundwater and its effects on nitrate removal were investigated. The addition of nano-sized magnetite (NMT) to Fe(0) reactor markedly increased nitrate reduction, with the rate proportionally increasing with NMT loading. Field emission scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed that NMT aggregates were evenly distributed and attached on the Fe(0) surface due to their magnetic properties. The rate enhancement effect of NMT is presumed to arise from its role as a corrosion promoter for Fe(0) corrosion as well as an electron mediator that facilitated electron transport from Fe(0) to adsorbed nitrate. Nitrate reduction by Fe(0) in the presence of NMT proceeded much faster in groundwater (GW) than in de-ionized water. The enhanced reduction of nitrate in GW was attributed to the adsorption or formation of surface complex by the cationic components in GW, i.e., Ca2+ and Mg2+, in the Fe(0) H2O interface that promoted electrostatic attraction of nitrate to the reaction sites. Moreover, the addition of NMT imparted superior longevity to Fe(0), enabling completion of four nitrate reduction cycles, which otherwise would have been inactivated during the first cycle without an addition of NMT. The results demonstrate the potential applicability of a Fe(0)/NMT system in the treatment of nitrate-contaminated GW. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653515000594http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/23822
ISSN
0045-6535; 1879-1298
DOI
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.01.019
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > EARTH RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(자원환경공학과) > Articles
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