Ultrasound Elastography Using Carotid Artery Pulsation in the Differential Diagnosis of Sonographically Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules
- Ultrasound Elastography Using Carotid Artery Pulsation in the Differential Diagnosis of Sonographically Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules
- carotid artery pulsation; elastography; thyroid nodule; thyroid ultrasound
- Issue Date
- AMER ROENTGEN RAY SOC
- AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, v. 204, NO 2, Page. 396-401
- OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of gray-scale ultrasound and a new method of thyroid ultrasound elastography using carotid artery pulsation in the differential diagnosis of sonographically indeterminate thyroid nodules.
MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 102 thyroid nodules with indeterminate gray-scale ultrasound features from 102 patients (20 males and 82 females; age range, 16-74 years; mean age, 51 years) were included. The gray-scale ultrasound images of each nodule were reviewed and assigned a score from 1 (low) to 5 (high) according to the possibility of malignancy. Ultrasound elastography was performed using carotid pulsation as the compression source. The elasticity contrast index (ECI), which quantifies local strain contrast within a nodule, was automatically calculated. The radiologist reassessed the scores after concurrently reviewing gray-scale ultrasound and elastography. ROC curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic performances of each dataset and to compare the AUC (A(z)) values of gray-scale ultrasound score alone, ECI alone, and a combined assessment.
RESULTS. Significantly more malignant thyroid nodules were hypoechoic than benign nodules (p = 0.014). The ECI was significantly higher in malignant nodules than in benign thyroid nodules. The A(z) values of each dataset were 0.755 (95% CI, 0.660-0.835) for gray-scale ultrasound score, 0.835 (0.748-0.901) for ECI, and 0.853 (0.769-0.915) for a combined assessment. The A(z) value for a combined assessment of the gray-scale ultrasound score and the ECI was significantly higher than that for the gray-scale ultrasound score alone (p = 0.022).
CONCLUSION. Combined assessment with gray-scale ultrasound and elastography using carotid artery pulsation is helpful for characterizing sonographically indeterminate thyroid nodules as benign or malignant.
- 0361-803X; 1546-3141
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