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Real-time monitoring of water quality of stream water using sulfur-oxidizing bacteria as bio-indicator

Title
Real-time monitoring of water quality of stream water using sulfur-oxidizing bacteria as bio-indicator
Author
전병훈
Keywords
Nitrite ion (NO2--N); Biomonitoring; Chromium; Swine wastewater; Toxicity
Issue Date
2019-05
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
CHEMOSPHERE, v. 223, Page. 58-63
Abstract
In aquatic ecosystems, real-time water-quality (WQ) biomonitoring has become the most effective technology for monitoring toxic events by using living organisms as a biosensor. In this study, an online WQ monitoring system using sulfur oxidizing bacteria (SOB) was tested to monitor WQ changes in real-time in natural stream water. The WQ monitoring system consisted of three SOB reactors (one continuous and two semi-continuous mode reactors). The SOB system did not detect any toxicity in relatively unpolluted, natural stream water when operated for more than six months. When diluted swine wastewater (50:1) was added to the influent of the reactors, the system detected toxic conditions in both the continuous and semi-continuous operational modes, showing 90% inhibition of SOB activity within 1 h of operation. The addition of 30 mg/L NO2--N or 2 mg/L of Cr6+ to the influents of SOB reactors resulted in the complete inhibition of the SOB activity within 1-2 h. The results demonstrated the successful application of an SOB bioassay as an online toxicity monitoring system for detecting pollutants from stream or river waters. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653519300955?via%3Dihubhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/111920
ISSN
0045-6535; 1879-1298
DOI
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.01.089
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > EARTH RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(자원환경공학과) > Articles
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