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An innovative U-shaped sludge bed anammox process for nitrogen removal

Title
An innovative U-shaped sludge bed anammox process for nitrogen removal
Author
김문일
Keywords
Anammox; Pyrosequencing; Sludge; Mathematical model; Nitrogen removal
Issue Date
2018-11
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, v. 226, Page. 437-447
Abstract
In this study, we proposed an innovative U-shaped sludge bed reactor which could be a cost effective and simplified approach for the operation of an anammox reactor. The performance for nitrogen removal and the composition of bacterial communities were investigated for about 500 days of operation. The nitrogen removal rate could be approximately 85% when the total nitrogen loading rate was about 0.54 kg N/m(3)/d. The 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing analysis of the bacterial community determined that Betaproteobacteria (class level) of the ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) community, Nitrospira (genus level) of the nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) community, and Brocadia (genus level) of the anammox bacteria community simultaneously coexisted in the reactor sludge. These results demonstrated that simultaneous growth and coexistence of AOB, NOB, and anammox were capable within the reactor. Furthermore, a mathematical modeling system was developed to simulate the nitrification and anammox processes. The model simulation showed that the oxygen was rapidly depleted and that led to a drop in the activity of AOB and NOB, then the growth of anammox bacteria started under anaerobic conditions.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479718309277https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/98807
ISSN
0301-4797; 1095-8630
DOI
10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.08.056
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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