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dc.contributor.author곽노균-
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-19T05:24:02Z-
dc.date.available2018-09-19T05:24:02Z-
dc.date.issued2016-08-
dc.identifier.citationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 6, page. 1-12en_US
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322-
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.nature.com/articles/srep31850-
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/76110-
dc.description.abstractThere is an increasing need for the desalination of high concentration brine (>TDS 35,000 ppm) efficiently and economically, either for the treatment of produced water from shale gas/oil development, or minimizing the environmental impact of brine from existing desalination plants. Yet, reverse osmosis (RO), which is the most widely used for desalination currently, is not practical for brine desalination. This paper demonstrates technical and economic feasibility of ICP (Ion Concentration Polarization) electrical desalination for the high saline water treatment, by adopting multi-stage operation with better energy efficiency. Optimized multi-staging configurations, dependent on the brine salinity values, can be designed based on experimental and numerical analysis. Such an optimization aims at achieving not just the energy efficiency but also (membrane) area efficiency, lowering the true cost of brine treatment. ICP electrical desalination is shown here to treat brine salinity up to 100,000 ppm of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) with flexible salt rejection rate up to 70% which is promising in a various application treating brine waste. We also demonstrate that ICP desalination has advantage of removing both salts and diverse suspended solids simultaneously, and less susceptibility to membrane fouling/scaling, which is a significant challenge in the membrane processes.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by Kuwait-MIT Center for Natural Resources and the Environment (CNRE), which was funded by Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences (KFAS). V. S. Pham was partially supported by SMART centre (BioSyM IRG) and H. Kwon was supported by Mid-career Researcher Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2012R1A2A2A06047424). We gratefully appreciate Dr. Steve Earl Kooi at MIT for providing PDMS molds made from 3D printer and Gus Souki for produced water market research.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUPen_US
dc.subjectANION-EXCHANGE MEMBRANEen_US
dc.subjectELECTRODIALYSIS REVERSALen_US
dc.subjectDIVALENT IONSen_US
dc.subjectSHOCK ELECTRODIALYSISen_US
dc.subjectSEAWATER DESALINATIONen_US
dc.subjectWATERen_US
dc.subjectMONOVALENTen_US
dc.subjectSEPARATIONen_US
dc.subjectREMOVALen_US
dc.subjectPLANTen_US
dc.titlePurification of High Salinity Brine by Multi-Stage Ion Concentration Polarization Desalinationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep31850-
dc.relation.journalSCIENTIFIC REPORTS-
dc.contributor.googleauthorKim, Bumjoo-
dc.contributor.googleauthorKwak, Rhokyun-
dc.contributor.googleauthorKwon, Hyukjin J.-
dc.contributor.googleauthorPham, Van Sang-
dc.contributor.googleauthorKim, Minseok-
dc.contributor.googleauthorAl-Anzi, Bader-
dc.contributor.googleauthorLim, Geunbae-
dc.contributor.googleauthorHan, Jongyoon-
dc.relation.code2016012537-
dc.sector.campusS-
dc.sector.daehakCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S]-
dc.sector.departmentDIVISION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING-
dc.identifier.pidrhokyun-


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