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Outcome of balloon kyphoplasty for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Title
Outcome of balloon kyphoplasty for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Author
강창남
Keywords
Rheumatoid osteoarthritis; Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture; Kyphoplasty
Issue Date
2016-08
Publisher
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Citation
BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, v. 17, Page. 1-7
Abstract
Background: Osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures are widely known as complications of rheumatoid arthritis. Kyphoplasty (KP) is known as an effective treatment modality for reducing pain and correcting kyphotic deformity in osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). However, cutcomes of KP in rheumatoid patients are not well known. The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of balloon KP on OVCF in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: A total of 23 patients (31 vertebral bodies) with rheumatoid arthritis who received KP for OVCF and could be followed up for at least 1 year were examined. For clinical outcomes, visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Korean version of the Oswestry disability index (KODI) were evaluated. For radiological outcomes, changes in anterior vertebral height and local kyphotic angle were measured, alongside cement leakage, adjacent fracture, and the recollapse of cemented vertebra. Results: The anterior vertebral height was significantly restored after surgery compared with prior to surgery (p < 0.001). Cement leakage was found in 14 cases (45.1 %), and disc space leakage was prevalent (50 %), while vascular cement leakage was found in one case. Adjacent fracture was found in 3 patients (11.5 %). VAS for lumbago showed a significant decrease (p < 0.001) after surgery (VAS = 2.4) compared with that before (VAS = 8.1); it was somewhat increased after the 1-year follow-up (VAS = 2.8; p = 0.223). KODI also decreased (48.8 %) after surgery compared with before (84.6 %). However, it increased somewhat (49.9 %) after the 1-year follow-up. Conclusion: KP on rheumatoid arthritis patients for OVCF was effective for reducing pain in the early stage and restoring vertebral body height. Recollapse of the treated vertebral body was found relatively frequently alongside the correction loss of local kyphotic angle.
URI
https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12891-016-1215-4https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/75139
ISSN
1471-2474
DOI
10.1186/s12891-016-1215-4
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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