Association between beta 2-adrenergic receptor gene polymorphisms and adverse events of ritodrine in the treatment of preterm labor: a prospective observational study
- Association between beta 2-adrenergic receptor gene polymorphisms and adverse events of ritodrine in the treatment of preterm labor: a prospective observational study
- Ritodrine; β2-agonist; β2-adrenergic receptor; Tocolysis; Adverse drug events; Gene polymorphism
- Issue Date
- BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
- BMC GENETICS, v. 18, No. 1, Article no. 96
- Background: Ritodrine, a tocolytic beta 2-agonist, has been used extensively in Europe and Asia despite its safety concerns. This study was designed to identify associations between beta 2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) polymorphisms and adverse drug events (ADEs) in patients with preterm labor treated with ritodrine.
Results: This follow-up study was prospectively conducted at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital in Korea. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ADRB2 gene (rs1042713, rs1042714, rs1042717, rs1042718, and rs1042719) were analyzed in 186 pregnant women with preterm labor. Patients with the AA genotype of rs1042717 had significantly lower incidence of ADEs compared to those with the G allele (p = 0.009). In multivariate analysis, one of the predictors of ADEs was the maximum infusion rate of ritodrine (AOR 4.47, 95% CI 1.31-15.25). Rs1042719 was also a significant factor for ritodrine-induced ADEs. The CC genotype carriers had 78% decreased risk of ADEs compared to those with other genotypes.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that ADEs induced by ritodrine are associated with ADRB2 gene polymorphisms, as well as the infusion rate of ritodrine in pregnant women with preterm labor.
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