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Heterotrophic bacterial production, respiration, and growth efficiency associated with upwelling intensity in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea

Title
Heterotrophic bacterial production, respiration, and growth efficiency associated with upwelling intensity in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea
Author
김성한
Keywords
Bacterial production; Bacterial respiration; Bacterial growth efficiency; Upwelling; Ulleung Basin; East Sea
Issue Date
2017-07
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, v. 143, Page. 24-35
Abstract
We investigated bacterial production (BP) and respiration (BR), as well as the physico-chemical properties of the water column, to elucidate the effect of upwelling on heterotrophic bacterial metabolic activities and growth efficiency (BGE) in July 2012 and May 2013 in the Ulleung Basin (UB), East/Japan Sea. The upwelled conditions were characterized by higher chlorophyll-alpha (Chl-alpha) concentrations resulting from the upward shift of the nitracline compared to that of the non-upwelled condition. Analyses of the size fractions of Chl-alpha and pigment composition revealed that large size phytoplankton (˃ 20 mu m), mainly consisting of diatoms, appeared to be the major phytoplankton component. BP and BR were significantly correlated with Chl-alpha (P ˂ 0.001), but the correlations with temperature were not significant (P ˃ 0.05). These results suggest that bacterial metabolic activities are stimulated by the availability of organic resources enhanced by upwelling in the UB. Further statistical analysis showed that the difference in BP and BGE with variations in upwelling intensity were significant (P = 0.018 for BP, P = 0.035 for BGE), but the difference in BR was not significant (P = 0.321). These results suggest that metabolic energy is partitioned more for BP under a strong upwelling condition, i.e. high nutrient and Chl-a conditions. In contrast, the energy generated via respiration was partitioned more for maintaining metabolism rather than for biomass production under weakly or non-upwelled conditions, i.e. stratified and low Chl-a conditions. Overall, our results suggest that any changes in upwelling intensity would significantly affect the carbon cycle associated with the fate of primary production, and the role of the microbial loop in the UB where changes in the intensity and frequency of upwelling associated with climatic changes are in progress.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967064517302631https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/72228
ISSN
0967-0645; 1879-0100
DOI
10.1016/j.dsr2.2017.07.002
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[E](부설연구소) > INSTITUTE OF OCENA AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES(해양ㆍ대기과학연구소) > Articles
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