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독일 정치자금 관련 법규들과 기민련(CDU)의 재무구조

Title
독일 정치자금 관련 법규들과 기민련(CDU)의 재무구조
Other Titles
Regulation of Political Funding in Germany and Financial Structure of CDU
Author
문수현
Keywords
기민련; 정치 자금; 정당법; 연방헌법재판소; CDU; Political funding; Act on Political Parties; Federal Constitutional Court; Bundesverfassungsgericht
Issue Date
2016-06
Publisher
이화여자대학교 이화사학연구소
Citation
이화사학연구, v. 52, Page. 131-169
Abstract
This article explores the regulation of political funding in Germany and how CDU, the incumbent ruling party, modified its financial structure in accordance with these national regulations. This process was not maneuvered by the political parties, but by the Federal Constitutional Count which repeatedly provided the guide lines to improve the political funding structure. The occasional political scandals such as Kohl Scandal and Flick Scandal provided the impetus to improve the legal framework to strengthen control over political funding. Since 1959, German political parties were entitled to receive state funding, with the form of state funding evolving ever since. With the implementation of the Act on the Political Party in 1967, only campaigning costs for the various elections could be reimbursed. This system was subsequently replaced by a system of general annual state funding through the amendment to the Act on Political Party in 1994. It was inevitable that state funding was accompanied by state control on the political funding; in line with the decisions by the Federal Constitutional Court in 1966, 1984, 1992, 1999, the parties are requested to submit due statements of their revenues or assets. Those persons who submitted incorrect statement of account could be punished under the criminal law. In the midst of these regulatory changes, CDU, which had previously relied heavily on the wealthy donors for political funding, could be transformed into a mass party where membership dues constituted approximately 40% of the party`s funding. - similar to the Social Democratic Party(SPD)
URI
http://kiss.kstudy.com/thesis/thesis-view.asp?key=3448092https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/71931
ISSN
1229-4683
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF HUMANITIES[S](인문과학대학) > HISTORY(사학과) > Articles
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