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Relationship Between Sulfide Capacity and Structure of MnO-SiO2-Al2O3-Ce2O3 System

Title
Relationship Between Sulfide Capacity and Structure of MnO-SiO2-Al2O3-Ce2O3 System
Author
박주현
Keywords
RAY PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTROSCOPY; 1 873 K; ALUMINOSILICATE GLASS; RAMAN-SPECTROSCOPY; CAO-SIO2-MNO SLAG; SILICATE MELTS; MICRO-RAMAN; ALUMINATE; BEHAVIOR; SULFUR
Issue Date
2017-02
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE, v. 48, No. 1, Page. 545-553
Abstract
Sulfide capacity of the MnO-SiO2-Al2O3-Ce2O3 system was measured at 1873 K (1600 A degrees C), and the structural analysis was carried out using micro-Raman spectroscopy to understand the role of Ce2O3 in the sulfur dissolution behavior. Sulfide capacity of the basic melts (MnO/SiO2 = 2.2(+/- 0.14)) decreased with increasing content of Ce2O3 to approx. 4 mol pct, beyond which it increased. Sulfide capacity continuously decreased in the less basic system (MnO/SiO2 = 1.0(+/- 0.15)), whereas it was hardly affected by Ce2O3 in the relatively acidic composition (MnO/SiO2 = 0.3(+/- 0.05)). There was a significant increase in the intensity of Raman band at 600 cm(-1) by Ce2O3 addition in high MnO/SiO2 (=2.2) system, which originated from the transition from [(Al,Mn-0.5)O-4]-tetrahedron to [(Al,Ce)O-6]-octahedron due to strong attraction between Al2O3 and Ce2O3. Combining thermodynamic and structural information, the effect of Ce2O3 on the sulfide capacity of Mn-aluminosilicate melts can be explained by the following factors: (1) Activity of MnO in the melts decreased by addition of Ce2O3; (2) Free oxygen was consumed in the structure modification from [(Al,Mn-0.5)O-4] to [(Al,Ce)O-6] unit by addition of Ce2O3; and 3) When the Ce3+ content was greater than critical value (approx. 4 mol pct) in high MnO/SiO2 (=2.54) melts, excess Ce3+ and Mn2+ ions competitively reacted with S2- ions, resulting in an increase of sulfide capacity. (C) The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2016
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11663-016-0828-1https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/71769
ISSN
1073-5615; 1543-1916
DOI
10.1007/s11663-016-0828-1
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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