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Effect of shallow angles on compressive strength of biaxial and triaxial laminates

Title
Effect of shallow angles on compressive strength of biaxial and triaxial laminates
Author
양현익
Keywords
Shallow-angled laminate; Compression; Strength; Failure criterion; CURRENT FAILURE THEORIES; WIND TURBINE BLADE; PREDICTIVE CAPABILITIES; PHENOMENOLOGICAL MODELS; COMPOSITES; PERFORMANCE; INCLUSIONS; CRITERION; STRESS; MATRIX
Issue Date
2016-11
Publisher
SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING AG
Citation
SPRINGERPLUS, v. 5, Article no. 2044
Abstract
Background: Biaxial (BX) and triaxial (TX) composite laminates with +/- 45 degrees angled plies have been widely used in wind turbine blades. As the scale of blades increases, BX and TX laminates with shallow-angled plies (i.e. off-axis ply angle < 45 degrees) might be utilized for reducing mass and/or improving performance. The compressive properties of shallow-angled BX and TX laminates are critical considering their locations in a wind turbine blade, and therefore in this study, the uniaxial static compression tests were conducted using BX and TX laminates with angled-plies of +/- 45 degrees, +/- 35 degrees, and +/- 25 degrees, for the purpose of evaluation. On the other hand, Mori-Tanaka mean field homogenization method was employed to predict elastic constants of plies in BX and TX laminates involved in tests; linear regression analyses of experimentally measured ply strengths collected from various sources were then performed to estimate strengths of plies in BX and TX laminates; finally, Tsai-Wu, Hashin, and Puck failure criteria were chosen to predict compressive strengths of BX and TX laminates. Comparison between theoretical predictions and test results were carried out to illustrate the effectiveness of each criterion. Results: The compressive strength of BX laminate decreases as ply angle increases, and the trend was successfully predicted by all three failure criteria. For TX laminates, +/- 35 degrees angled plies rather than +/- 45 degrees angled plies led to the lowest laminate compressive strength. Hashin and Puck criteria gave good predictions at certain ply angles for TX laminates, but Tsai-Wu criterion was able to capture the unexpected strength variation of TX laminates with ply angle. Conclusion: It was concluded that the transverse tensile stress in 0 degrees plies of TX laminates, which attains its maximum when the off-axis ply angle is 35 degrees, is the dominant factor in failure determination if using Tsai-Wu criterion. This explains the unexpected strength variation of TX laminates with ply angle, and also indicates that proper selection of ply angle is the key to fully utilizing the advantages of shallow-angled laminates.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40064-016-3726-8https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/71283
ISSN
2193-1801
DOI
10.1186/s40064-016-3726-8
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학과) > Articles
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