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역사의 금기(禁忌)와 기억의 진정성 -21세기 폴란드 역사학과 ‘희생자의식’-

Title
역사의 금기(禁忌)와 기억의 진정성 -21세기 폴란드 역사학과 ‘희생자의식’-
Other Titles
A Taboo-Breaking Memory of Jedwabne: Victims and Perpetrators in the Polish Historiography in the 21st Century
Author
임지현
Keywords
예드바브네; 희생자의식; 집합적유죄; 사회적기억; 홀로코스트; 예드바브네
Issue Date
2011-12
Publisher
한국서양사학회
Citation
서양사론, NO 111, Page. 147-174
Abstract
Focused on the Jedwabne controversy, this paper aims at reconfiguration of the post-communist historiography in Poland since the ‘fall’ of 1989. By revealing arguably a certain continuity of the historical narrative between before and after 1989, the paper throws a critical gaze at the cliché dichotomy of the communist and postcommunist historiography: the both shared historical episteme of the victimhood despite the political opposition in specific descriptions of historical events. Be leftist or rightist, the Polish historiography has been nurtured by the Romanticist conception of ‘crucified nation’ of the 19th century. The self-perception of collective victims has provided Poles with a morally comfortable position and justified the ethno-centric victimhood nationalism in Poland for more than a century. Jan Gross’s book of Sąsiedzi shattered the Polish victimhood deeply rooted in the historical culture in large by proving that Polish neighbors were perpetrators in the massacre of the Jews in Jedwabne in 1941. The book tremendously triggered sharp debates among professional historians, general intellectuals and media people. In fact it brought a climate change to the historiographical landscape in Poland by complicating the victimhood as a naive default for the historical culture and thus opening a door to the self-reflection of one’s own past.
URI
https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/ci/sereArticleSearch/ciSereArtiView.kci?sereArticleSearchBean.artiId=ART001623771https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/70531
ISSN
1229-0289
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF HUMANITIES[S](인문과학대학) > HISTORY(사학과) > Articles
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