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Camphorsulfonic Acid-Doped Polyaniline Transparent Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Title
Camphorsulfonic Acid-Doped Polyaniline Transparent Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Author
임승순
Keywords
ORGANIC SENSITIZERS; EFFICIENCY; FILMS; TIO2
Issue Date
2012-10
Publisher
AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Citation
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, NOV 1 2012, 116(43), p22743-p22748, 6p.
Abstract
Commercially available polyaniline emeraldine base (PANI-EB) powder was protonated by simple mixing with camphorsulfonic acid (CSA) to form the CSA-doped emeraldine salt form of PANT (PANT-ES). The PANI-ES state was dissolved in m-cresol at various concentrations (4, 2, 1 wt %) and spin-coated onto fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass to use as counter electrodes (CEs) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The PANT-based CE exhibited a maximum transmittance of 72.9% in the visible wavelength range, which is equivalent to bare FTO glass. The surface resistivity of CE samples spin-coated with insulating PANI-EB was greater than 10(9) Omega/square, but the value steeply decreased to 1.3 Omega/square when the CE was spin-coated with CSA-doped PANT-ES. Although the surface resistivity increased, and therefore fill factor (ff) gradually decreased, with decreasing solid content of the PANT-based coating solution, the charge-transfer resistance (R-ct) and short-circuit current (J(sc)) conversely improved due to increased surface roughness, affording enhanced DSSC performance. Furthermore, the overall power conversion efficiency of a DSSC could be enhanced to a maximum of similar to 6.3% by optimizing cell parameters through controlling the preparation conditions of the CE.
URI
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp307209nhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/67839
ISSN
1932-7447
DOI
10.1021/jp307209n
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ORGANIC AND NANO ENGINEERING(유기나노공학과) > Articles
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