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The Impact of Pretransplantation Serum Albumin Levels on Long-Term Renal Graft Outcomes

Title
The Impact of Pretransplantation Serum Albumin Levels on Long-Term Renal Graft Outcomes
Author
권오정
Keywords
KIDNEY-TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS-INFECTION; MORTALITY; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; HEMODIALYSIS; INFLAMMATION; SURVIVAL; FAILURE
Issue Date
2013-06
Publisher
Elsevier Science B.V
Citation
Transplantation Proceedings, 2013, 45(4), P.1379-1382
Abstract
Background. The association between pretransplantation serum albumin concentrations and renal graft outcomes is unclear. Hypoalbuminemia is a strong predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in chronic renal disease. Protein-energy wasting in dialysis patients is associated with irreversible damage and an increased risk of adverse outcomes. In this retrospective study, we investigated the association between preoperative albumin levels and short-term as well as long-term renal graft outcomes. Materials and Methods. We included 375 renal transplant recipients in our center between 1991 to 2011, who were grouped according to their preoperative serum albumin levels: group I (˂3.5 g/dL), group 11 (3.5-3.9 g/dL), group III (4.0-4.4 g/dL), and group IV (˃= 4.5 g/dL). We measured the frequencies of delayed graft function (DGF), acute rejection episodes, and viral infections as well as the long-term graft outcomes. Result. DGF affected 12.8%, 6.8%, 7.7%, and 9.3% of patients in groups I IV, respectively. Acute rejection occurred in 27.7%, 27.2%, 31.6%, and 24.1%, while cytomegalovirus (CMV) and fungal infection occurred in 12.8% (6.4%), 23.3% (5.8%), 16.2% (2.6%), and 11.1% (5.6%) of patients, respectively. Serum creatinine levels at 12 months were not significantly different among the groups. Long-term graft survival was poorest in group I and best in group IV (P = .039). A Cox proportional hazards model showed group IV compared with group displayed the lowest relative risk of graft failure (hazard ratio [HR] = .536
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0041134512014200?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/54738
ISSN
0041-1345
DOI
10.1016/j.transproceed.2012.10.063
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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