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우즈베키스탄의 노동이주와 송금: 빈곤축소와 경제발전에 대한 영향

Title
우즈베키스탄의 노동이주와 송금: 빈곤축소와 경제발전에 대한 영향
Other Titles
Labor Migration and Remittances in Uzbekistan: The Present State and Socio-Economic Influences
Author
김영진
Keywords
우즈베키스탄; 노동이주; 송금; 빈곤축소; 경제발전; Uzbekistan; Labor Migration; Remittances; Poverty Reduction; Economic Development
Issue Date
2013-06
Publisher
서울대학교 러시아연구소
Citation
러시아연구, 2013, 22(2), P.199-233 (35)
Abstract
It can be argued that migration and remittances in Uzbekistan have played a positive role for reducing the poverty of the country, but they have exerted no such role for eliminating social inequalities and income gap in the community. Considering the question whether remittances have made a positive influence on the Uzbekistan’s economic development, they have made somewhat positive or indefinite functions by cases. In light of theory and practice, it is appropriate to argue that the migration-development nexus in Uzbekistan can only be understood and explained by examining contextual factors. Thus, the development potential of rural Uzbekistan can be maximized as long as one can offer rationally designed institutions based on regional peculiarities. While migration and remittances often might be considerable blessings for individuals, households and communities, they are no panacea for solving more structural development problems. If state of Uzbekistan fail to implement general social and economic reform, migration and remittances are unlikely to contribute to nationwide sustainable development. Therefore, in order to enhance the contribution that migration and remittances can make for the development of Uzbekistan, it is necessary to implement policies aimed at increasing people’s welfare, creating functioning markets, improving social security and public services such as health and education.
URI
https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/ci/sereArticleSearch/ciSereArtiView.kci?sereArticleSearchBean.artiId=ART001719403http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/54734
ISSN
1229-1056
DOI
10.22414/rusins.2012.22.2.199
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > ASIA PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER(아태지역연구센터) > Articles
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