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The Utilization and Advantages of an Exchange Donor Program in Living Donor Renal Transplantation: A Single-Center Experience

Title
The Utilization and Advantages of an Exchange Donor Program in Living Donor Renal Transplantation: A Single-Center Experience
Author
권오정
Keywords
KIDNEY PAIRED DONATION; ORGAN SHORTAGE; POOL; RECIPIENTS; DESENSITIZATION; SURVIVAL; DIALYSIS; EXPAND; HLA
Issue Date
2012-01
Publisher
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
Citation
Transplantation Proceedings, 2012, 44(1), P.14-16
Abstract
Introduction. The availability of donors is a major limiting factor in living donor renal transplantation. Approximately one third of patients with end-stage renal disease have willing potential living donors who are blood type or cross-match incompatible. The living donor kidney exchange has become an efficient solution for recipients in this situation. We analyzed the outcome and advantages of an exchange donor program compared with ABO-incompatible transplantation and desensitized protocol transplantation for highly sensitized patients. Materials and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 152 exchange donor cases from 1991 to 2010. We analyzed the risk factors, outcomes, matching factors, complication rates, and acute rejection rates of this program compared with other alternative strategies. Results. In our center, 22% of total living donor kidney transplantations were performed through an exchange program and an expanded donor pool. The graft survival, complication, and acute rejection rates were not significantly different compared with the alternatives. The severe complication rates were lower than with the alternatives and the immunosuppressant protocol and preoperative preparation were simpler. Blood type 0 recipients who registered in the exchange program showed no significant differences from the living related groups (P = .45), which were similar to the proportions for other ABO types. Upon multivariate analysis, an acute rejection episode and use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) were significant factors associated with graft survival (P = .015 and P = .007; odds ratio [OR] 5.968 and 7.324; 95% confidence interval [CI] .003.533 and .098.690). Conclusion. Although exchange donor programs are not the sole solution, they show several advantages, such as the prescription of standard immunosuppression, simple preoperative preparation, low cost, and modest rates of severe complications compared with ABO-incompatible transplantation or desensitized protocols.
URI
http://www.transplantation-proceedings.org/article/S0041-1345(11)01715-5/fulltexthttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/52636
ISSN
0041-1345
DOI
10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.12.053
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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