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Inequality and crime revisited: effects of local inequality and economic segregation on crime

Title
Inequality and crime revisited: effects of local inequality and economic segregation on crime
Author
Kang, Songman
Keywords
Crime; Inequality; Poverty concentration; Inequality decomposition
Issue Date
2016-04
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS, v. 29, NO 2, Page. 593-626
Abstract
Economic inequality has long been considered an important determinant of crime. Existing evidence, however, is mostly based on inadequately aggregated data sets, making its interpretation less than straightforward. Using tract-and county-level U.S. Census panel data, I decompose county-level income inequality into its within-and across-tract components and examine the extent to which county-level crime rates are influenced by local inequality and economic segregation. I find that the previously reported positive correlation between violent crime and economic inequality is largely driven by economic segregation across neighborhoods instead of within-neighborhood inequality. Moreover, there is little evidence of a significant empirical link between overall inequality and crime when county-and time-fixed effects are controlled for. On the other hand, a particular form of economic inequality, namely, poverty concentration, remains an important predictor of county-level crime rates.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00148-015-0579-3http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/52536
ISSN
0933-1433; 1432-1475
DOI
10.1007/s00148-015-0579-3
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE[S](경제금융대학) > ECONOMICS & FINANCE(경제금융학부) > Articles
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