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Absorbable Plate-Related Infection after Facial Bone Fracture Reduction

Title
Absorbable Plate-Related Infection after Facial Bone Fracture Reduction
Author
이장현
Keywords
Absorbable implants; Facial injuries; Infection
Issue Date
2016-04
Publisher
대한두개안면성형외과학회
Citation
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery, v. 17, NO 1, Page. 1-4
Abstract
Absorbable plates are used widely for fixation of facial bone fractures. Compared to conventional titanium plating systems, absorbable plates have many favorable traits. They are not palpable after plate absorption, which obviates the need for plate removal. Absorbable plate-related infections are relatively uncommon at less than 5% of patients undergoing fixation of facial bone fractures. The plates are made from a mixture of poly- L-lactic acid and poly-DL-lactic acid or poly-DL-lactic acid and polyglycolic acid, and the ratio of these biodegradable polymers is used to control the longevity of the plates. Degradation rate of absorbable plate is closely related to the chance of infection. Low degradation is associated with increased accumulation of plate debris, which in turn can increase the chance of infection. Predisposing factors for absorbable plate-related infection include the presence of maxillary sinusitis, plate proximity to incision site, and use of tobacco and significant amount of alcohol. Using short screws in fixating maxillary fracture accompanied maxillary sinusitis will increase the rate of infection. Avoiding fixating plates near the incision site will also minimize infection. Close observation until complete absorption of the plate is crucial, especially those who are smokers or heavy alcoholics. The management of plate infection is varied depending on the clinical situation. Severe infections require plate removal. Wound culture and radiologic exam are essential in treatment planning.
URI
https://e-acfs.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.7181/acfs.2016.17.1.1http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/52525
ISSN
2287-1152; 2287-5603
DOI
10.7181/acfs.2016.17.1.1
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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