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대기 중 PM2.5의 중금속 성분의 화학적 특성

Title
대기 중 PM2.5의 중금속 성분의 화학적 특성
Author
홍은주
Keywords
air pollution; heavy metal; $PM_{2, 5}$; PM2.5
Issue Date
2012-06
Publisher
한국환경보건학회
Citation
한국환경보건학회지, 2012, 38(3), P.233-240, 8P.
Abstract
Objectives: The changes in atmospheric PM2.5 concentrations were extensively studied in one metropolitan city (Incheon), two small and medium sized cities (Gunsan, Cheonan), and a rural area (Gosan in Jeju). The concentrations of heavy metals (Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Al, Pb) and the component features of PM2.5 were determined for these areas. Methods: This study sampled PM2.5 at the designated locations in the metropolitan (Incheon), small and medium sized cities (Gunsan in Jeonbuk and Cheonan in Chungnam), and rural area (Gosan in Jeju) to investigate concentrations with a sampling device (Sequential sampler, APM Eng., Korea). Sampling was undertaken over months, from June 26 to November 26, 2009. Sampling was conducted a total of 44 times, with routine sampling at intervals of six days (24 total times) and intensive sampling (20 total times) during the summer and fall. Mass concentration of PM2.5 was evaluated and the concentrations of heavy metals (Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Al, Pb) were analyzed. Results: The geometric average of concentrations of PM2.5 per district was $35.289{\mu}g/m^3$ for Cheonan, $29.955{\mu}g/m^3$ for Incheon, $24.119{\mu}g/m^3$ for Gunsan, and $18.773{\mu}g/m^3$ for Jeju, respectively. The average concentration of PM2.5 in Cheonan was the highest. The seasonal concentration distributions per district showed Cheonan $33.387{\mu}g/m^3$, Incheon at $31.550{\mu}g/m^3$, Gunsan $22.900{\mu}g/m^3$, and Jeju $18.900{\mu}g/m^3$ in the summer. For the autumn, the concentrations were $36.873{\mu}g/m^3$ in Cheonan, $28.625{\mu}g/m^3$ in Incheon, $25.227{\mu}g/m^3$ in Gunsan, and $18.667{\mu}g/m^3$ in Jeju. According to the collected data, the concentration showed a tendency to rise during the autumn in all of these regions with the exception of Incheon. For heavy metal distribution per district, Fe showed an elevated concentration during the summer while high concentrations of Pb and Zn occurred during the autumn. Conclusion: These results demonstrated that atmospheric factors affected the concentrations of heavy metals. The results of this study could be used as foundational data for setting environmental air standards focusing on a PM2.5 receptor.
URI
http://koreascience.or.kr/article/ArticleFullRecord.jsp?cn=HROSBE_2012_v38n3_233http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/50734
ISSN
1225-5629; 1738-4087
DOI
10.5668/JEHS.2012.38.3.233
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL & INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE(환경및산업의학연구소) > Articles
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