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Plasma-assisted electrolytic synthesis of In(OH)(3) nanocubes for thermal transformation into In2O3 nanocubes with a controllable Sn content

Title
Plasma-assisted electrolytic synthesis of In(OH)(3) nanocubes for thermal transformation into In2O3 nanocubes with a controllable Sn content
Author
좌용호
Keywords
INDIUM-TIN-OXIDE; TRANSPARENT CONDUCTING OXIDES; THIN-FILMS; ITO NANOPARTICLES; DEFECT STRUCTURE; HYDROXIDE; NANOCRYSTALS; DIFFRACTION; DEPOSITION; MICROCUBES
Issue Date
2016-02
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
RSC ADVANCES, v. 6, No. 24, Page. 20337-20342
Abstract
In addition to conventional wet-chemical methods for producing Sn-doped indium oxide (ITO) nanostructures, structural transformation from an ionic compound of indium hydroxide (In(OH)(3)) into indium oxide (In2O3) is a facile route for tailoring the dimensions, morphologies and compositions of In2O3 nanostructures. As a novel wet-chemical approach for the synthesis of In(OH)(3) nanostructures, here we report a plasma-assisted electrolytic process where the In3+ and Sn4+ generated by plasma discharges on the surface of an In/Sn alloy anode hydroxylate, nucleate and grow to form single crystal In(OH)(3) nanocubes. It was found that the In(OH)(3) nanocubes reconstructively decomposed into small crystallites of bixbyite-type c-In2O3 with a diameter of similar to 5-10 nm during the thermal transformation while the parent cube-shaped morphology of the In(OH)(3) nanocubes remained unchanged. Compositional analysis revealed that the content of Sn in the final ITO nanocube product could be effectively controlled by the starting In/Sn ratio of the alloy anode. As a result, the doping-level of Sn significantly influenced the electrical conductivity of the ITO nanocubes with the optimal conductivity of 10.47 S cm(-1) with a 15 wt% Sn content. The liquid-phase plasma technique is cost-effective and a continual process, and a high yield of 3.6 g hour(-1) could be achieved in our simple lab-scale synthetic setup, suggesting great potential for industrial mass-production of high-quality ITO nanoparticles.
URI
http://pubs.rsc.org/-/content/articlehtml/2016/ra/c5ra25489bhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/49742
ISSN
2046-2069
DOI
10.1039/c5ra25489b
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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