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Demographic patterns and trends in patenting: Gender, age, and education of inventors

Title
Demographic patterns and trends in patenting: Gender, age, and education of inventors
Author
정태현
Keywords
Inventor; Patent; Gender; Age; Education
Issue Date
2014-07
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 360 PARK AVE SOUTH, NEW YORK, NY 10010-1710 USA
Citation
TECHNOLOGICAL FORECASTING AND SOCIAL CHANG,권: 86,페이지: 110-124
Abstract
Using population-wide data on inventors and their demographic characteristics, the paper analyzes trends and patterns by technologies in age, the level of education, and gender gap. We find that the education level of inventors has risen over time. We also find that the gender gap is closing but at slower pace than in other comparable areas of society. Much to our surprise, the average age of inventors has been falling in all areas, despite rising levels of education. To explain the latter finding, we suggest three mechanisms as alternatives to the burden of knowledge argument: 1) the burden of dynamic knowledge renewal, 2) new technological opportunities, and 3) a generally increased propensity to patent. We discuss policy and managerial implications of our findings. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040162513001911http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/48895
ISSN
0040-1625; 1873-5509
DOI
10.1016/j.techfore.2013.08.023
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION MANAGEMENT[S](기술경영전문대학원) > ETC
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