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Performance investigation of an advanced multi-effect adsorption desalination (MEAD) cycle

Title
Performance investigation of an advanced multi-effect adsorption desalination (MEAD) cycle
Author
김영득
Keywords
Desalination; Adsorption; Zero liquid discharge; Waste heat recovery; VAPOR COMPRESSION MVC; SEAWATER DESALINATION; NUMERICAL-SIMULATION; DISTILLATION PLANTS; RENEWABLE ENERGIES; DESALTING PLANTS; MENA REGION; SYSTEMS; WATER; FLASH
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
APPLIED ENERGY, v. 159, Page. 469-477
Abstract
This article presents the development of an advanced adsorption desalination system with quantum performance improvement. The proposed multi-effect adsorption desalination (MEAD) cycle utilizes a single heat source i.e., low-temperature hot water (as low as 55 degrees C). Passive heating of the feed water (no direct heating) is adopted using total internal heat recovery from the kinetic energy of desorbed vapor and water vapor uptake potential of the adsorbent. Thus, the evaporation in the MEAD cycle ensues at low temperatures ranging from 35 degrees C to 7 degrees C yet providing significantly high performance ratio. The energy from the regenerated vapor is recovered for multiple evaporation/condensation of saline water by a water-runaround circuit between the top brine temperature (TBT) effect and the AD condenser. The adsorbent material is the hydrophilic mesoporous silica gel with high pore surface area. Numerical simulation for such a cycle is developed based on experimentally verified model extending to multi-effect cycle. The system is investigated under several operation conditions such as cycle time allocation, heat source temperature and the number of intermediate effects. It is observed that most of the evaporating-condensing effects operate at low temperature i.e., below 35 degrees C as opposed to conventional multi-effect distillation (MED) cycle. For a MEAD cycle with 7 intermediate effects, the specific water production rate, the performance ratio and the gain output ratio are found to be 1.0 m(3)/h tonne of silica gel, 6.3 and 5.1, respectively. Low scaling and fouling potentials being evaporation at low temperatures yet high recovery ratio makes the cycle suitable for effectively and efficiently handling highly concentrated feed water such as produced water, brine rejected from other desalination plants and zero liquid discharge (ZLD) system. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261915011058http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/46460
ISSN
0306-2619; 1872-9118
DOI
10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.09.035
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학과) > Articles
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