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The Relationship between Smoking Status and Suicidal Behavior in Korean Adults: The 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007–2009)

Title
The Relationship between Smoking Status and Suicidal Behavior in Korean Adults: The 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007–2009)
Author
황환식
Keywords
Smoking; Suicidal Ideation; Attempted Suicide
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
대한가정의학회
Citation
Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 2013 34(3), P.178-189
Abstract
Background This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between smoking status and suicidal ideations or suicide attempts in Korean adults. Methods The study used data from the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and involved 17,065 participants. We used multiple logistic regression analysis to evaluate the relationship between smoking status and suicidal behavior. The results were adjusted for covariates including depression and physical disease. Results After adjusting for covariates, current smokers (odds ratio [OR], 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34 to 2.05) and former smokers (OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.72) proved more likely to have suicidal ideations than non-smokers. Among women, current smokers (OR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.47 to 2.72) and former smokers (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.99) were more likely to have suicidal ideations than non-smokers. However, among the men there was no significant relationship between smoking status and suicidal ideations. Among all the participants who had had suicidal ideations, there was a significant relationship between current smoking and suicide attempts (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.05 to 3.07). There was also a relationship between current smoking and suicide attempts among women (OR, 2.40; 95% CI, 1.31 to 4.37), but no significant relationship among men. Conclusion There is a relationship between smoking status and suicidal ideations and suicide attempts in the general population of Korea. This relationship is particularly clear in women, and is independent of comorbid chronic disease and depression. Current smokers and former smokers are more likely to have su
URI
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4082/kjfm.2013.34.3.178http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/46394
ISSN
2005-6443; 2092-6715
DOI
10.4082/kjfm.2013.34.3.178
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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