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Electrochemistry of High Concentration Copper Chloride Complexes

Title
Electrochemistry of High Concentration Copper Chloride Complexes
Author
장진호
Keywords
IONIC-STRENGTH SOLUTIONS; COPPER(II)-BROMO COMPLEXES; SUPPORTING ELECTROLYTE; AQUEOUS-SOLUTION; VOLTAMMETRY; ELECTRONEUTRALITY; ELECTRODEPOSITION; SPECTROSCOPY; MICROSCOPY; STABILITY
Issue Date
2013-08
Publisher
ACS AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Citation
ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, AUG 20 2013, 85(16), P.7696-7703, 8P.
Abstract
High concentrations of copper chloride solutions (in the molar range) are used in several industrial applications. In this work, we investigated the species distribution of copper chloride complexes and how to measure the copper concentration precisely at high concentrations using electrochemical methods, by including migrational effects. The latter, in fact, can be useful in determining the nature of the species in solution undergoing electron transfer at the electrode. The study indicates that the main species of Cu(II) complexes in high chloride concentration is CuCl42- and the main species of Cu(I) complexes are CuCl2- and CuCl32-. However insoluble CuCl is an intermediate in the process and can deactivate the electrode surface. This can be ameliorated by increasing the temperature or Cl- concentration. Under these conditions, voltammetry with an ultramicroelectrode (UME) can measure copper concentration with good precision even at 1 M Cu(II) concentrations in a few molar chloride. The main charge of the species can be determined by fitting to a migration model.
URI
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ac4016769http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/45182
ISSN
0003-2700
DOI
10.1021/ac4016769
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > CHEMISTRY(화학과) > Articles
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