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Aluminum Deoxidation Equilibria in Liquid Iron: Part I. Experimental

Title
Aluminum Deoxidation Equilibria in Liquid Iron: Part I. Experimental
Author
박종진
Keywords
OXYGEN EQUILIBRIUM; DILUTE-SOLUTIONS; AL-O; MELTS; THERMODYNAMICS; ALLOYS; SYSTEM; STEEL; MODEL
Issue Date
2015-08
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE, v. 46, No. 4, Page. 1826-1836
Abstract
In order to provide accurate information for refining of steel containing more than 1 mass pct Al, previously known information about Al deoxidation equilibria in liquid iron was critically reviewed. New Al deoxidation equilibria, Al and O contents in liquid iron in equilibrium with solid Al2O3 were measured at 1873 K and 1923 K (1600 degrees C and 1650 degrees C) over the whole Al composition range, 0.0027 ˂ [pct Al] ˂ 100. In order to secure the deoxidation equilibria, in the present study, the Al deoxidation experiments were carried out by employing three different methods: (1) traditional Al deoxidation by the addition of Al into Fe-O alloys, (2) oxidation of Al in Fe-Al alloys by the addition of Fe2O3 as an oxygen source, and (3) addition of CaO flux for an effective removal of suspended Al2O3 inclusions in liquid alloys containing high Al. In addition, in the present study, the O solubility limit in pure Al melt in equilibrium with solid Al2O3 was also measured in the temperature range from 1673 K to 1873 K (1400 degrees C to 1600 degrees C). The present experimental results provide a complete set of Al deoxidation equilibria in liquid iron which may be useful for the estimation of residual oxygen level and alumina inclusion formation in high Al steel processing. Interaction parameter formalism, which was originally proposed by Wagner and Chipman and has been widely used to interpret the Al deoxidation equilibria in liquid iron, was found to be inapplicable. Limitation of the interaction parameter formalism at high Al content in liquid Fe was discussed. (C) The Minerals, Metals Materials Society and ASM International 2015
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11663-015-0368-0http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/37407
ISSN
1073-5615; 1543-1916
DOI
10.1007/s11663-015-0368-0
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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