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BRIDGING OR BONDING? A cross-cultural study of social relationships in social networking sites

Title
BRIDGING OR BONDING? A cross-cultural study of social relationships in social networking sites
Author
손동영
Keywords
culture; relationship development; personal networks; social networks; social capital; social networking sites
Issue Date
2011-02
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Citation
INFORMATION COMMUNICATION & SOCIETY; 2011, 14 1, p107-p129, 23p.
Abstract
Given the global expansion and social impact of social networking sites (SNSs hereafter), this study provides a cross-cultural examination of the nature of personal networks and social relationships college students hold in the online social space. Specifically, the present study investigates personal network composition, bridging and bonding social capital and relationship development of SNS users from the United States and Korea. Data were colleted via an online survey of 349 American and 240 Korean college students. Findings suggest that, although commonalities exist between the two groups, the use of SNSs for relational purposes and the resulting social capital and relationships are still culturally driven, reflecting the prevalent values and norms of the particular cultures in which the users belong. More specific ally, American college students held larger but looser networks with a far greater portion of weak ties, whereas their Korean counterparts maintained smaller and denser networks with the roughly even ratio of strong and weak ties. American college students also reported obtaining more bridging social capital from their networks in SNSs than did their Korean counterparts, whereas the level of bonding social capital was not significantly different between the two groups. Finally, Korean respondents' relationships in their networks in SNSs were generally at a more advanced stage of development than their American counterparts.
URI
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13691181003792624
ISSN
1369-118X
DOI
10.1080/13691181003792624
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES[S](사회과학대학) > MEDIA COMMUNICATION(미디어커뮤니케이션학과) > Articles
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