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제국 재정의 근대적 변용― 청 말 광동(廣東)의 지방 재정을 중심으로 ―

Title
제국 재정의 근대적 변용― 청 말 광동(廣東)의 지방 재정을 중심으로 ―
Other Titles
Modern Transformation of the Imperial Finance: the case of Guangdong provincial finance in the late Qing period
Author
강진아
Keywords
광동성; 재정개혁; 재정설명서; 신정; 관영사업; 广东省; 财政改革; 财政说明书; 新政; 官营事业; Guangdong Province; financial reform; Chaizhengshumingshu; New Policies; government enterprises
Issue Date
2016-03
Publisher
중국근현대사학회
Citation
중국근현대사연구, NO 69, Page. 39-70
Abstract
The finance of Guangdong province in the late Qing period showed lower proportion of Tianfu(田賦, Land Tax) but higher proportion of tax on commercial and manufacturing activities. Besides, it is note-worthy that revenue from provincial factories occupied considerable share in provincial finance. It was the Guangdong Mint that produced the biggest profit among those provincial factories. Since Guangdong was pioneering province in the modernized mintage, it could enjoy the benefits of forerunner and acquire the huge profits by transporting coinage to other provinces. Quickly, seigniorage became an important source of provincial revenue. However, their profit-seeking approach to the mintage and unchecked right of money issue in amount resulted in preferential mintage of Small money(小洋). Accordingly, there emerged unique Small money block separated from [independent of] other provinces. Small money block including mainly Guangdong and Guangxi was gradually alienated by Big money block encompassing Shanghai and most part of China. This unique isolation continued up until the Republican period and left Guangdong to lag behind in the monetary integration process during the 1930s. Provincial policies in financial modernization during the late Qing period had deep influence on the characteristics of Guangdong economy and finance. This situation shows that the imported modern factors in the finance during the late Qing period was also transformed and distorted in the local level. The other point of this paper shed light on the building of provincial factories during the late Qing and in a full scale during the 1930s. This economic building was clearly associated with the investment of overseas Cantonese. Until 1930s, the development of provincial industry allowed a significant source of local revenue to the provincial government.
URI
http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE06659244http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/34258
ISSN
1598-8287
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF HUMANITIES[S](인문과학대학) > HISTORY(사학과) > Articles
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