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Birthdays, Schooling, and Crime: Regression-Discontinuity Analysis of School Performance, Delinquency, Dropout, and Crime Initiation

Title
Birthdays, Schooling, and Crime: Regression-Discontinuity Analysis of School Performance, Delinquency, Dropout, and Crime Initiation
Author
Kang, Songman
Keywords
JUVENILE CRIME; KINDERGARTEN ENTRANCE; HEAD-START; AGE; EDUCATION; DESIGNS; CHILDHOOD; BANDWIDTH; BENEFITS
Issue Date
2016-01
Publisher
AMER ECONOMIC ASSOC
Citation
AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-APPLIED ECONOMICS, v. 8, NO 1, Page. 33-57
Abstract
Dropouts have high crime rates, but is there a direct causal link? This study, utilizing administrative data for six cohorts of public school children in North Carolina, demonstrates that those born just after the cut date for enrolling in public kindergarten are more likely to drop out of high school before graduation and to commit a felony offense by age 19. We present suggestive evidence that dropout mediates criminal involvement. Paradoxically, these late-entry students outperform their grade peers academically while still in school, which helps account for the fact that they are less likely to become juvenile delinquents.
URI
https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/app.20140323http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/31717
ISSN
1945-7782; 1945-7790
DOI
10.1257/app.20140323
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE[S](경제금융대학) > ECONOMICS & FINANCE(경제금융학부) > Articles
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