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Gender Differences in the Clinical Characteristics of Psychotic Depression: Results from the CRESCEND Study

Title
Gender Differences in the Clinical Characteristics of Psychotic Depression: Results from the CRESCEND Study
Author
박용천
Keywords
Psychotic depression; Gender; Suicidal ideation; Hallucinatory behavior; Illness burden
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
KOREAN COLL NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY
Citation
CLINICAL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY AND NEUROSCIENCE, v. 13, NO 3, Page. 256-262
Abstract
Objective: To test whether there are gender differences in the clinical characteristics of patients with psychotic depression (PD). Methods: Using data from the Clinical Research Center for Depression (CRESCEND) study in South Korea, we tested for potential gender differences in clinical characteristics among 53 patients with PD. The Psychotic Depression Assessment Scale (PDAS) and other psychometric scales were used to evaluate various clinical features of the study subjects. Independent t-tests were performed for normally distributed variables, Mann-Whitney U-tests for non-normally distributed variables, and chi(2) tests for discrete variables, In addition, to exclude the effects of confounding variables, we carried out an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) for the normally distributed variables and binary logistic regression analyses for discrete variables, after adjusting the effects of marital status. Results: We identified more prevalent suicidal ideation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=10.316, p=0.036) and hallucinatory behavior (aOR=8.332, p=0.016), as well as more severe anxiety symptoms (degrees of freedom [df]=1, F=6,123, p=0.017), and poorer social and occupational functioning (df=1, F=6,265, p=0.016) in the male patients compared to the female patients. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that in South Korean patients with PD, suicidal ideation, hallucinatory behavior, and anxiety is more pronounced among males than females. This should be taken into consideration in clinical practice.
URI
http://www.cpn.or.kr/journal/view.html?doi=10.9758/cpn.2015.13.3.256http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/30096
ISSN
1738-1088; 2093-4327
DOI
10.9758/cpn.2015.13.3.256
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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