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생태학의 지적 궤적으로 본 과학의 국제화: 린네 식물학에서 국제 생물 사업 계획에 이르기까지

Title
생태학의 지적 궤적으로 본 과학의 국제화: 린네 식물학에서 국제 생물 사업 계획에 이르기까지
Other Titles
The Trajectory of Ecology in International Contexts: From Linnaean Botany to International Biological Program
Author
정혜경
Keywords
science in international context; plant geography; ecosystem ecology; Carl von Linne; Alexander von Humboldt; Eugene Odum; International Phytogeography Excursion; International Biological Program
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
한국과학사학회
Citation
한국과학사학회지, v. 37, NO 3, Page. 593-622
Abstract
This paper examines the historical development of ecology since the eighteenth century, particularly in its international contexts. The whole process from the Linnaean botany through plant geography/plant ecology to ecosystem ecology was closely interlocked with the internationalization processes. Linne’s botanical research was not only based on the practical evidence acquired through scientific travel around the world; it also became the main method of botany thanks to the Linnaeans’ practices throughout Europe. Humboldt was able to lay the foundation of plant geography, via intellectual communication with the native scientists whom he met during his exploration of the equinoctial regions of the New World. Around the early twentieth century, International Phytogeography Excursion provided an international forum by which to achieve the intellectual convergence and technical compatibility in the study of vegetation. The transfer of Eugene Odum’s ecosystem ecology to Sweden illustrates how the internationalization process of science could be facilitated by social and national needs. Finally, International Biological Program, one of the prominent big science programs after World War II, showed an aspect of transnational exchange of science through multi-polar interactions among nations.
URI
http://kiss.kstudy.com/journal/thesis_name.asp?tname=kiss2002&key=3386076http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/29305
ISSN
1229-7895
Appears in Collections:
CENTER FOR CREATIVE CONVERGENCE EDUCATION[S](창의융합교육원) > ETC
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