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Heavy smoking rate trends and related factors in Korean occupational groups: analysis of KNHANES 2007-2012 data.

Title
Heavy smoking rate trends and related factors in Korean occupational groups: analysis of KNHANES 2007-2012 data.
Author
장태원
Keywords
LUNG-CANCER; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; TOBACCO SMOKING; WORKPLACE; CESSATION; SMOKERS; RISK; ADOLESCENTS; DEPRESSION; INITIATION
Issue Date
2015-11
Publisher
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation
BMJ OPEN, v. 5, NO 11, Article Number: e008229
Abstract
Objectives: The present study was designed to investigate the smoking and heavy smoking trends and identify possible related factors among Korean male workers from 2007 to 2012 by occupational groups. Methods: The data were derived from the fourth (2007-2009) and fifth (2010-2012) waves of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Occupational groups were categorised into three groups, which were non-manual, manual and service and sales groups. Age-adjusted prevalence rates of smoking and heavy smoking (>20 cigarettes/day) in men aged 25-64 years were calculated. Factors associated with heavy smoking were investigated using logistic regression analyses. Results: Smoking rate in manual workers decreased gradually over time (p for trend < 0.0001). Smoking rate was higher in manual than non-manual workers, but the difference reduced over time (p for trend < 0.0001). Heavy smoking rate decreased from 2007 to 2012 (p for trend < 0.0001). Heavy smoking rate was higher in manual than non-manual workers; however, this difference increased over time. Stress, depressive mood and long working hours (>= 60 h/week) were associated with heavy smoking. Conclusions: Antismoking policy should focus on current and heavy smokers. Workplace antismoking programmes should consider working hours and stress, especially in manual workers.
URI
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/5/11/e008229http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/28880
ISSN
2044-6055
DOI
10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008229
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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