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Development of ssDNA aptamers as potent inhibitors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis acetohydroxyacid synthase

Title
Development of ssDNA aptamers as potent inhibitors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis acetohydroxyacid synthase
Author
윤문영
Keywords
Acetohydroxyacid synthase; Tuberculosis; SELEX; DNA aptamer; Inhibitor
Issue Date
2015-10
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-PROTEINS AND PROTEOMICS, v. 1854, NO 10, Page. 1338-1350
Abstract
Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is a promising potential drug target for an emerging class of new anti-tuberculosis agents. In this study, we identify short (30-mer) single-stranded DNA aptamers as a novel class of potent inhibitors of Mtb-AHAS through an in vitro DNA-SELEX method. Among all tested aptamers, two candidate aptamers (Mtb-Apt1 and Mtb-Apt6) demonstrated the greatest inhibitory potential against Mtb-AHAS activity with IC50 values in the low nanomolar range (28.94 +/- 0.002 and 2235 +/- 0.001 nM respectively). Interestingly, inhibition kinetics analysis of these aptamers showed different modes of enzyme inhibition (competitive and mixed type of inhibition respectively). Secondary structure-guided mutational modification analysis of Mtb-Apt1 and Mtb-Apt6 identified the minimal region responsible for their inhibitory action and consequently led to 17-mer and 20-mer shortened aptamers that retained equivalent or greater inhibitory potential. Notably, a modeling and docking exercise investigated the binding site of these two potent inhibitory aptamers on the target protein and showed possible involvement of some key catalytic dimer interface residues of AHAS in the DNA-protein interactions that lead to its potent inhibition. Importantly, these two short candidate aptamers, Mtb-Apt1 (17-mer) and Mtb-Apt6 (20-mer), also demonstrated significant growth inhibition against multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR-TB) strains of tuberculosis with very low MIC of 536 mu g/ml and 6.24 mu g/ml, respectively and no significant cytotoxicity against mammalian cell line. This is the first report of functional inhibitory aptamers against Mtb-AHAS and provides the basis for development of these aptamers as novel and strong anti-tuberculosis agents. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570963915001430?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/28314
ISSN
1570-9639; 0006-3002
DOI
10.1016/j.bbapap.2015.05.003
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > CHEMISTRY(화학과) > Articles
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