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Inhibition of cisplatin-resistance by RNA interference targeting metallothionein using reducible oligo-peptoplex

Title
Inhibition of cisplatin-resistance by RNA interference targeting metallothionein using reducible oligo-peptoplex
Author
김용희
Keywords
Cisplatin resistance; RNA interference; Metallothionein; Combination therapy
Issue Date
2015-10
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
JOURNAL OF CONTROLLED RELEASE, v. 215, Page. 82-90
Abstract
Effective intracellular level of a platinumanti-cancer drug, cisplatin, following repeated injections can be decreased either by the active efflux via ATP pump or by interactions with glutathione and metallothionein. Cisplatin in cytoplasm preferably binds to cysteine-rich proteins such as glutathione and metallothionein (MT). Detoxification of cisplatin by intracellular thiol-containing proteins has been considered to be major hurdles to overcome. The short hairpin RNA targeting MT (shMT) was tested to down-regulate MT and recover cisplatin resistance. A reducible polymer, poly(oligo-D-arginine) (rPOA), formed stable complex with shMT and demonstrated superior transfection efficiency. Efficient transfection of shMT/rPOA oligo-peptoplexes was found to significantly inhibit MT overexpression, resulting in 45% decrease of cell viability compared to the cisplatin alone group. This decrease was mediated by the synergistic effect of shMT/rPOA oligo-peptoplex and cisplatin. Co-administration of shMT/rPOA oligo-peptoplex and cisplatin in in vivo tumor model showed noticeable tumor-suppressing effect by inducing reversal of cisplatin resistance following effective intracellular delivery of shMT by rPOA. Combination therapy through co-administration of shMT/rPOA oligo-peptoplex and cisplatin was found to effectively reverse cisplatin resistance by RNA interference and consequently improve anti-cancer activity of cisplatin. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168365915300286?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/28249
ISSN
0168-3659; 1873-4995
DOI
10.1016/j.jconrel.2015.07.015
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > BIOENGINEERING(생명공학과) > Articles
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