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Lifelong wheel running exercise and mild caloric restriction attenuate nuclear EndoG in the aging plantaris muscle

Title
Lifelong wheel running exercise and mild caloric restriction attenuate nuclear EndoG in the aging plantaris muscle
Author
김종희
Keywords
EndoG; HSP27; Aging; Caloric restriction; Wheel running; Exercise
Issue Date
2015-09
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
EXPERIMENTAL GERONTOLOGY, v. 69, Page. 122-128
Abstract
Apoptosis plays an important role in atrophy and sarcopenia in skeletal muscle. Recent evidence suggests that insufficient heat shock proteins (HSPs) may contribute to apoptosis and muscle wasting. In addition, long-term caloric restriction (CR) and lifelong wheel running exercise (WR) with CR provide significant protection against caspase-depenclent apoptosis and sarcopenia. Caspase-indepenclent mediators (enclonuclease G: EndoG; apoptosis-inducing factor: AIF) of apoptosis are also linked to muscles wasting with disuse and aging. However, the efficacy of CR and WR with CR to attenuate caspase-independent apoptosis and preserve HSPs in aging skeletal muscle are unknown. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that CR and WR with CR would ameliorate age-induced elevation of EndoG and All while protecting HSP27 and HSP70 levels in the plantaris. Male Fischer-344 rats were divided into 4 groups at 11 weeks: ad libitum feeding until 6 months (YAL); fed ad libitum until 24 months old (OAL); 8%CR to 24 months (OCR); WR + 8%CR to 24 months (OExCR). Nuclear EndoG levels were significantly higher in OAL (+ 153%) than in YAL, while CR (-38%) and WR with CR (-46%) significantly attenuated age-induced increment in nuclear EndoG. HSP27 (63%) protein content and phosphorylation at Ser82 (-49%) were significantly lower in OAL than in VAL, while HSP27 protein content was significantly higher in OCR (+ 136%) and 0ExCR (+155%) and p-HSP27 (+254%) was significantly higher in 0ExCR compared with OAL, respectively. In contrast, AIF and HSP70 were unaltered by CR or WR with CR in aging muscle. These data indicate that CR and WR with CR attenuate age-associated upregulation of EndoG translocation in the nucleus, potentially involved with HSP27 signaling. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0531556515001849http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/27807
ISSN
0531-5565; 1873-6815
DOI
10.1016/j.exger.2015.06.007
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ART AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION[S](예술·체육대학) > PHYSICAL EDUCATION(체육학과) > Articles
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