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Performance characterization of a new CZT-based preclinical SPECT system: a comparative study of different collimators

Title
Performance characterization of a new CZT-based preclinical SPECT system: a comparative study of different collimators
Author
최윤영
Keywords
Gamma detectors (scintillators, CZT, HPG, HgI etc); Gamma camera, SPECT, PET, PET/CT, coronary CT angiography (CTA); Solid state detectors
Issue Date
2015-09
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation
JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, v. 10, Page. 1-12
Abstract
Triumph X-SPECT is a newly released CZT-based preclinical small-animal SPECT system with interchangeable collimators. The purpose of this work was to evaluate and systematically compare the imaging performances of three different collimators in the CZT-based preclinical small-animal system: a single-pinhole collimator (SPH), a multi-pinhole collimator (MPH) and a parallel-hole collimator. We measured the spatial resolutions and sensitivities of the three collimators with Tc-99m sources, considering three distinct energy window widths (5, 10, and 20%), and used the NEMA NU4-2008 Image Quality phantom to test the imaging performance of the three collimators in terms of uniformity and spill-over ratio (SOR) for each energy window. With a 10% energy window width at a radius of rotation (ROR) of 30 mm, the system resolution of the SPH, MPH and parallel-hole collimators was 0.715, 0.855 and 3.270 mm FWHM, respectively. For the same energy window, the sensitivity of the system with SPH, MPH and parallel-hole collimators was 32.860, 152.514 and 49.205 counts/sec/MBq at a 100 mm source-to-detector distance and 6.790, 33.376 and 49.038 counts/sec/MBq at a 130 mm source-to-detector distance, respectively. The image noise and SORair for the three collimators were 20.137, 12.278 and 11.232 (%STDunif) and 0.106, 0.140 and 0.161, respectively. Overall, the results show that the SPH had better spatial resolution than the other collimators. The MPH had the highest sensitivity at 100 mm source-to-collimator distance, and the parallel-hole collimator had the highest sensitivity at 130 mm-source-to-detector distance. Therefore, the proper collimator for Triumph X-SPECT system must be determined by the task. These results provide valuable reference data and insight into the imaging performance of various collimators in CZT-based preclinical small-animal SPECT.
URI
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-0221/10/09/P09016/metahttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/27518
ISSN
1748-0221
DOI
10.1088/1748-0221/10/09/P09016
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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