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Magnetocaloric refrigerant with wide operating temperature range based on Mn5-xGe3(Co,Fe)(x) composite

Title
Magnetocaloric refrigerant with wide operating temperature range based on Mn5-xGe3(Co,Fe)(x) composite
Author
윤종승
Keywords
Magnetocaloric effect; Magnetic refrigeration; Mn5Ge3; Composite refrigerant
Issue Date
2015-09
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, v. 644, Page. 464-469
Abstract
The Curie temperature of Mn5Ge3 was raised or lowered by alloying the compound with Fe or Co; hence, the temperature at which maximum magnetocaloric effect manifested was easily manipulated by forming Mn5-xGe3(Co,Fe)(x), alloys to ultimately develop a composite magnetic refrigerant consisting of multiple Mn5Ge3 - based alloys. The composite refrigerant was designed to produce a table-like Delta S-M-T curve and to maximize the RC value near room temperature. Linear combination of the Delta S-M-T curves for the constituent materials showed that a composite composed of physical mixture of four different Mn5Ge3-based compounds: Mn5Ge3, Mn5.1Ge2.9, Mn4.75Co0.25Ge3 and Mn4.75Fe0.25Ge3, generated an optimal Delta S-M-T curve with a table-like shape. The composite refrigerant with refrigeration capacity of 52 J kg(-1), peak entropy change at 300 K, and operating temperature range of 45 K under Delta H = 10 kOe was suitable for room-temperature magnetic refrigeration. Moreover, by changing the relative fraction of each constituent material in the composite, it was shown that the operating temperature range could be fine-tuned as needed. The calculated Delta S-M-T curve for the composite refrigerant by linear combination reasonably well matched the experimental Delta S-M-Tcurve estimated from the M-H curves of the composite refrigerant, suggesting that the simple linear combination of the experimental Delta S-M-T curves can be used to predict the performance of the composite magnetic refrigerants whose MCE was originated from the second order magnetic transition. In conclusion, being rare-earth free and lacking thermal or magnetic hysteresis, the Mn5Ge3 - based composite can be a competitive candidate magnetic refrigerant material operating at room temperature in terms of both economy and reliability compared to the giant MCE materials such as Gd - based intermetallic compounds or Heusler alloys. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925838815013547http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/27405
ISSN
0925-8388; 1873-4669
DOI
10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.05.061
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING(신소재공학부) > Articles
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