ANGLES; MONOLAYERS; SURFACES; DISPLAYS; SYSTEMS; FILMS
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
ADVANCED MATERIALS, v. 27, NO 42, Page. 6760-6760
A novel polymer-layer-free system for liquid-crystal alignment is demonstrated by various shaped indium tin oxide (ITO) patterns. Liquid crystals are aligned along the ITO line pattern and secondary sputtering lithography can change the shape of the ITO line pattern. Different shapes can control the direction and size of the pretilt angle. This effect eliminates defects and reduces the response time.