Circulating current; Modular multi-level converter (MMC); High voltage direct current (HVDC); MMC; HVDC
전기학회논문지, v. 64, NO 08, Page. 1193-1201
This paper presents a study of circulating current of modular multi-level converter (MMC) based a high voltage direct current (HVDC) system under unbalanced grid conditions. Due to the connection of a dependent DC source in each phase, the MMC system inherently generates the power ripple of double-line-frequency components in the AC-side and as a result, the additional sinusoidal current named circulating current flows through the each arm. Reliability improvement of HVDC system under an unbalanced grid condition is one of the important criteria. Generally, the modeling of the circulating current is based on the power relation between DC-side and AC-side. However, the method is not perfectly matched in the MMC system due to the difference of the structural characteristic. In this paper, improved modeling method of circulating current is proposed, which is based on the inner arm power. The proposed method is verified by several simulations to have good agreement of the circulating current components.