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SPEECH SEGMENTATION IS ADAPTIVE EVEN IN ADULTHOOD: ROLE OF THE LINGUISTIC ENVIRONMENT

Title
SPEECH SEGMENTATION IS ADAPTIVE EVEN IN ADULTHOOD: ROLE OF THE LINGUISTIC ENVIRONMENT
Author
조태홍
Keywords
speech segmentation; artificial language; prosody; linguistic environment; French
Issue Date
2015-08
Publisher
the International Phonetic Association (IPA)
Citation
18th internatonal congress of phonetic sciences, v. 18th, NO Paper ID: 0676, Page. 1-4
Abstract
In this paper, we show that adult listeners who speak the same native language but live in different linguistic environments differ in their use of prosodic cues that signal word boundaries in the native language. Non-utterance-final word-final syllables have higher fundamental frequency in French. Adult native French listeners living in France or in the US completed an artificial-language segmentation task where fundamental frequency cued word-final boundaries (experimental). Other native French listeners living in France completed the corresponding task without prosodic cues (control). Results showed that France French listeners outperformed US French listeners and control French listeners, but US French listeners did not outperform control French listeners. The poorer performance of US French listeners is attributed to their regular exposure to (and thus interference from) English, a language where fundamental frequency signals word-initial boundaries. This suggests speech segmentation is adaptive, with listeners tuning in to the prosody of their linguistic environment.
URI
https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/icphs-proceedings/ICPhS2015/proceedings.htmlhttps://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/icphs-proceedings/ICPhS2015/Papers/ICPHS0676.pdfhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/26935
ISBN
978-0-85261-941-4
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF HUMANITIES[S](인문과학대학) > ENGLISH LANGUAGE & LITERATURE(영어영문학과) > Articles
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