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Residual stress and crack initiation in laser clad composite layer with Co-based alloy and WC plus NiCr

Title
Residual stress and crack initiation in laser clad composite layer with Co-based alloy and WC plus NiCr
Author
이창희
Keywords
Laser cladding; Residual stress; Cracking; Stellite#6; Tungsten carbide
Issue Date
2015-08
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, v. 345, Page. 286-294
Abstract
Although laser cladding process has been widely used to improve the wear and corrosion resistance, there are unwanted cracking issues during and/or after laser cladding. This study investigates the tendency of Co-based WC + NiCr composite layers to cracking during the laser cladding process. Residual stress distributions of the specimen are measured using neutron diffraction and elucidate the correlation between the residual stress and the cracking in three types of cylindrical specimens; (i) no cladding substrate only, (ii) cladding with 100% stellite#6, and (iii) cladding with 55% stellite#6 and 45% technolase40s. The microstructure of the clad layer was composed of Co-based dendrite and brittle eutectic phases at the dendritic boundaries. And WC particles were distributed on the matrix forming intermediate composition region by partial melting of the surface of particles. The overlaid specimen exhibited tensile residual stress, which was accumulated through the beads due to contraction of the coating layer generated by rapid solidification, while the non-clad specimen showed compressive. Also, the specimen overlaid with 55 wt% stellite#6 and 45 wt% technolase40s showed a tensile stress higher than the specimen overlaid with 100% stellite#6 possibly, due to the difference between thermal expansion coefficients of the matrix and WC particles. Such tensile stresses can be potential driving force to provide an easy crack path ways for large brittle fractures combined with the crack initiation sites such as the fractured WC particles, pores and solidification cracks. WC particles directly caused clad cracks by particle fracture under the tensile stress. The pores and solidification cracks also affected as initiation sites and provided an easy crack path ways for large brittle fractures. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169433215007849http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/26681
ISSN
0169-4332; 1873-5584
DOI
10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.03.168
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING(신소재공학부) > Articles
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