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Metal remediation and biodegradation potential of earthworm species on municipal solid waste: A parallel analysis between Metaphire posthuma and Eisenia fetida

Title
Metal remediation and biodegradation potential of earthworm species on municipal solid waste: A parallel analysis between Metaphire posthuma and Eisenia fetida
Author
김기현
Keywords
Vermicompost; Metaphire posthuma; Municipal solid waste; Nutrient recovery; Metal accumulation
Issue Date
2015-03
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, v. 180, Page. 230-236
Abstract
Information on vermicomposting with Metaphire posthuma is scanty. This paper, therefore, aims to evaluate the bioconversion efficiency of this species against Eisenia fetida. For comparative analysis, different combinations of municipal solid waste (MSW) and cow dung were used as substrates. The contents of total N and availability of P, K, and Fe increased significantly in both Metaphire and Eisenia systems which was accompanied by substantial reduction in pH and total organic C. Both species exhibited similar levels of urease activity and microbial respiration. Moreover, bioavailability of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Mn, and Cu) was reduced substantially during vermicomposting, irrespective of the earthworm species. In contrast, each species was distinguished by the enhancement either in microbial biomass C and phosphatase activity (Eisenia) or in humification and fulvic/humic acid C (Metaphire). The overall results suggest that indigenous earthworm, Metaphire posthuma could be utilized as a successful candidate for bioprocessing of toxic wastes. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852414018082http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/23466
ISSN
0960-8524; 1873-2976
DOI
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.12.062
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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