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Enhanced capacitive pressure sensing performance by charge generation from filler movement in thin and flexible PVDF-GNP composite films

Title
Enhanced capacitive pressure sensing performance by charge generation from filler movement in thin and flexible PVDF-GNP composite films
Author
박지영
Keywords
capacitive pressure sensor; dielectric layer; PVDF-GNP composites; thin film
Issue Date
2023-10-16
Publisher
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Citation
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF ADVANCED MATERIALS, v. 24, no 1, article no. 2260301, page. 1-12
Abstract
This study introduces an approach to overcome the limitations of conventional pressure sensors by developing a thin and lightweight composite film specifically tailored for flexible capacitive pressure sensors, with a particular emphasis on the medium and high pressure range. To accomplish this, we have engineered a composite film by combining polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and graphite nanoplatelets (GNP) derived from expanded graphite (Ex-G). A uniform sized GNPs with an average lateral size of 2.55(av) and an average thickness of 33.74 (av) with narrow size distribution was obtained with a gas-induced expansion of expandable graphite (EXP-G) combined with tip sonication in solvent. By this precisely controlled GNP within the composite film, a remarkable improvement in sensor sensitivity has been achieved, surpassing 4.18 MPa-1 within the pressure range of 0.1 to 1.6 MPa. This enhancement can be attributed to the generation of electric charge from the movement of GNP in the polymer matrix. Additionally, stability testing has demonstrated the reliable operation of the composite film over 1000 cycles. Notably, the composite film exhibits exceptional continuous pressure sensing capabilities with a rapid response time of approximately 100 milliseconds. Experimental validation using a 3 x 3 sensor array has confirmed the accurate detection of specific contact points, thus highlighting the potential of the composite film in selective pressure sensing. These findings signify an advancement in the field of flexible capacitive pressure sensors that offer enhanced sensitivity, consistent operation, rapid response time, and the unique ability to selectively sense pressure.
URI
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14686996.2023.2260301https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/190623
ISSN
1468-6996; 1878-5514
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1080/14686996.2023.2260301
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